Acquired Brain Injury
An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is damage to the brain acquired after birth. It is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative or induced by birth trauma. It usually affects cognitive, physical, emotional, social or independent functioning and can result from traumatic brain injury (accidents, falls, assaults, etc.) and/or non-traumatic brain injury (stroke, brain tumors, infection, poisoning, hypoxia, ischemia or substance abuse).
No two people will experience the same outcome or resulting difficulties from brain injury. The brain controls every part of human life: physical, intellectual, behavioral, social and emotional. When the brain is damaged, other aspects of a person’s life will also be adversely affected.
An ABI may result in mild, moderate or severe impairments in one or more areas, including cognition, speech-language functions, psycho-social behavior and information processing.
Even a mild injury may result in a serious disability that will interfere with a person’s daily functioning and personal activities for the rest of his/her life. While the outcome of the injury depends largely on the nature and severity of the injury itself, appropriate treatment plays a vital role in determining the level of recovery.